Adopted and Filed

Physician assistants—licensure, practice, discipline, 326.1, 326.6, 326.15, 326.18, 326.19(3)“b,” 327.1, 327.4, 327.5, 327.6, 329.2(25)

Untitled document

ARC 5177C

PROFESSIONAL LICENSURE DIVISION[645]

Adopted and Filed

Rule making related to licensure, practice, and discipline of physician assistants

The Iowa Board of Physician Assistants hereby amends Chapter 326, "Licensure of Physician Assistants," Chapter 327, "Practice of Physician Assistants," and Chapter 329, "Discipline for Physician Assistants," Iowa Administrative Code.

Legal Authority for Rule Making

This rule making is adopted under the authority provided in Iowa Code section 147.76 and 2020 Iowa Acts, Senate File 2357.

State or Federal Law Implemented

This rule making implements, in whole or in part, Iowa Code chapter 148C.

Purpose and Summary

2020 Iowa Acts, Senate File 2357, signed by Governor Reynolds on March 18, 2020, requires the Board to amend, rescind, and adopt rules in substantial compliance with sections 9 and 10 of the Act. Sections 9 and 10 of the Act instruct the Board to make numerous changes within its licensure, practice, and discipline administrative code chapters. This rule making implements the Act's amendments, rescissions, and adoptions to the Board's rules.

Public Comment and Changes to Rule Making

Notice of Intended Action for this rule making was published in the Iowa Administrative Bulletin on June 3, 2020, as ARC 5043C. A public hearing was held on June 23, 2020, at 8 a.m.in the Fifth Floor Conference Room 526, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines, Iowa. Public comments were submitted by the Iowa Physician Assistant Society (IPAS) stating that the proposed rules were missing a necessary change that eliminates the requirement that the supervising physician's name appear on the prescription in paragraph 327.6(1)"d." An additional comment made by Theresa Hagmann, PA-C, asked for clarification and/or removal of subrule 327.1(2). IPAS reiterated its comment at the August 6, 2020, Board meeting. The Board was in consensus to eliminate paragraph 327.6(1)"d" as recommended by IPAS. Since publication of the Notice, new Item 10 was added to strike paragraph 327.6(1)"d." The remaining items were renumbered accordingly.

Adoption of Rule Making

This rule making was adopted by the Board on August 6, 2020.

Fiscal Impact

This rule making has no fiscal impact to the State of Iowa.

Jobs Impact

After analysis and review of this rule making, no impact on jobs has been found.

Waivers

A waiver provision is not included in this rule making because all administrative rules of the professional licensure boards in the Professional Licensure Division are subject to the waiver provisions accorded under 645—Chapter 18.

Review by Administrative Rules Review Committee

The Administrative Rules Review Committee, a bipartisan legislative committee which oversees rule making by executive branch agencies, may, on its own motion or on written request by any individual or group, review this rule making at its regular monthly meeting or at a special meeting. The Committee's meetings are open to the public, and interested persons may be heard as provided in Iowa Code section 17A.8(6).

Effective Date

This rule making will become effective on October 14, 2020.

The following rule-making actions are adopted:

Item 1. Amend rule 645—326.1(148C), definitions of "Approved program," "Opioid," "Physician assistant," "Remote medical site" and "Supervising physician," as follows:

"Approved program" means a program for the education of physician assistants which has been accredited by the American Medical Association's Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation, by its successor, the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs, or by its successor, the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant, or its successor, or, if accredited prior to 2001, either by the Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation or the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs.

"Opioid" means a drug that produces an agonist effect on opioid receptors and is indicated or used for the treatment of pain or opioid use disorder.

"Physician assistant" or "PA" means a person licensed as a physician assistant by the board.

"Remote medical site" means a medical clinic for ambulatory patients which is more than 30 miles away from the main practice location of a supervising physician and in which a supervising physician is present less than 50 percent of the time the site is open. "Remote medical site" will does not apply to nursing homes, patient homes, hospital outpatient departments, outreach clinics, or any location at which medical care is incidentally provided , such as a (e.g., diet center, free clinic, site for athletic physicals, or a jail facility).

"Supervising physician" means a physician who supervises the medical services provided by the physician assistant consistent with the physician assistant's education, training, or experience and who accepts ultimate responsibility for the medical care provided by the physician/physician physician-physician assistant team.

Item 2. Adopt the following new definition of "Collaboration" in rule 645—326.1(148C):

"Collaboration" means consultation with or referral to the appropriate physician or other health care professional by a physician assistant as indicated by the patient's condition; the education, competencies, and experience of the physician assistant; and the standard of care.

Item 3. Amend rule 645—326.6(148C) as follows:

645—326.6(148C) Examination requirements. The applicant for licensure as a physician assistant shall successfully pass the certifying examination for physician assistants conducted by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants or a successor examination approved by the board of physician assistants.

Item 4. Amend rule 645—326.15(148C) as follows:

645—326.15(148C,88GA,ch1020) Use of title. A physician assistant licensed under Iowa Code chapter 148C may use the words "physician assistant" after the person's name or signify the same by the use of the letters "PA." A person who meets the qualifications for licensure under Iowa Code chapter 148C but does not possess a current license may use the title "PA" or "physician assistant" but may not act or practice as a physician assistant unless licensed under Iowa Code chapter 148C.

Item 5. Amend rule 645—326.18(148C) as follows:

645—326.18(148C) Recognition of an approved program. The board shall recognize a program for education and training of physician assistants if it is accredited by the American Medical Association's Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation, by its successor, the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Educational Programs, or by its successor, the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant, or its successor, or, if accredited prior to 2001, either by the Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation or the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs.

This rule is intended to implement Iowa Code section 148C.2.

Item 6. Amend paragraph 326.19(3)"b" as follows:

b. If the license has been on inactive status for more than five years, an applicant must provide the following:

(1)No change.

(2)Verification of completion of 200 hours of continuing education within two years of application for reactivation, of which at least 40 percent of the hours completed shall be in Category I, or NCCPA or successor agency certification; and.

(3)Information on each supervising physician.

Item 7. Amend rule 645—327.1(148C) as follows:

645—327.1(148C,88GA,ch1020) Duties. The medical services to be provided by the physician assistant are those for which the physician assistant has been prepared by education, training, or experience and is competent to perform. The ultimate role of the physician assistant cannot be rigidly defined because of the variations in practice requirements due to geographic, economic, and sociologic factors. The high degree of responsibility a physician assistant may assume requires that, at the conclusion of the formal education, the physician assistant possess the knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary to provide those services appropriate to the practice setting. The physician assistant's services may be utilized in any clinical settings including but not limited to the office, the ambulatory clinic, the hospital, the patient's home, extended care facilities, and nursing homes. Diagnostic and therapeutic medical tasks for which the supervising physician has sufficient training or experience may be delegated to the physician assistant after a supervising physician determines the physician assistant's proficiency and competence.

327.1(1) A physician assistant's duties relating to prescribing, dispensing, ordering, administering, and procuring drugs and medical devices include all of the following:

a. Administering any drug.

b. Prescribing, dispensing, ordering, administering, and procuring drugs and medical devices. A physician assistant may plan and initiate a therapeutic regimen that includes ordering and prescribing nonpharmacological interventions including but not limited to durable medical equipment, nutrition, blood and blood products; and diagnostic support services including but not limited to home health care, hospice, and physical and occupational therapy. The prescribing and dispensing of drugs may include Schedule II through V substances, as described in Iowa Code chapter 124, and all legend drugs.

c. A physician assistant may prescribe drugs and medical devices subject to all of the following conditions:

(1)The physician assistant shall have passed the national certifying examination conducted by the National Commission on the Certification of Physician Assistants or its successor examination approved by the board. Physician assistants with temporary licenses may order drugs and medical devices only with the prior approval and direction of a supervising physician. Prior approval may include discussion of the specific medical problems with a supervising physician prior to the patient being seen by the physician assistant.

(2)The physician assistant must comply with appropriate federal and state regulations.

(3)If a physician assistant prescribes or dispenses controlled substances, the physician assistant must register with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration.

(4)The physician assistant may prescribe or order Schedule II controlled substances which are listed as depressants in Iowa Code chapter 124 only with the prior approval and direction of a supervising physician who has sufficient training and experience. Prior approval may include discussion of the specific medical problems with a supervising physician prior to the patient being seen by the physician assistant.

(5)A physician assistant shall not prescribe substances that the physician assistant's supervising physician does not have the authority to prescribe, except as allowed by paragraph 327.1(2)"n."

(6)The physician assistant may prescribe, supply, and administer drugs and medical devices in all settings, including but not limited to hospitals, health care facilities, health care institutions, clinics, offices, health maintenance organizations, and outpatient and emergency care settings.

(7)A physician assistant may request, receive, and supply sample drugs and medical devices.

(8)The board of physician assistants shall be the only board to regulate the practice of physician assistants relating to prescribing and supplying prescription drugs, controlled substances, and medical devices.

d. Supplying properly packaged and labeled prescription drugs, controlled substances, or medical devices when pharmacist services are not reasonably available or when it is in the best interest of the patient.

(1)If the physician assistant is the prescriber of the medications supplied pursuant to this paragraph, the medications supplied shall be for the purpose of accommodating the patient and shall not be sold for more than the cost of the drug and reasonable overhead costs as they relate to supplying prescription drugs to the patient and not at a profit to the physician or physician assistant.

(2)A nurse or staff assistant may assist the physician assistant in supplying medications.

327.1(1) 327.1(2) The medical services to be provided by the physician assistant are those delegated by a supervising physician. The ultimate role of the physician assistant cannot be rigidly defined because of the variations in practice requirements due to geographic, economic, and sociologic factors. The high degree of responsibility a physician assistant may assume requires that, at the conclusion of the formal education, the physician assistant possess the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary to provide those services appropriate to the practice setting. The physician assistant's services may be utilized in any clinical settings including, but not limited to, the office, the ambulatory clinic, the hospital, the patient's home, extended care facilities and nursing homes. Diagnostic and therapeutic medical tasks for which the supervising physician has sufficient training or experience may be delegated to the physician assistant after a supervising physician determines the physician assistant's proficiency and competence. The medical services to be provided by the physician assistant also include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. to q. No change.

r. Administer any drug (a single dose).

s. Prescribe drugs and medical devices under the following conditions:

(1)The physician assistant shall have passed the national certifying examination conducted by the National Commission on the Certification of Physician Assistants or its successor examination approved by the board. Physician assistants with a temporary license may order drugs and medical devices only with the prior approval and direction of a supervising physician. Prior approval may include discussion of the specific medical problems with a supervising physician prior to the patient's being seen by the physician assistant.

(2)The physician assistant may not prescribe Schedule II controlled substances which are listed as depressants in Iowa Code chapter 124. The physician assistant may order Schedule II controlled substances which are listed as depressants in Iowa Code chapter 124 only with the prior approval and direction of a physician. Prior approval may include discussion of the specific medical problems with a supervising physician prior to the patient's being seen by the physician assistant.

(3)The physician assistant shall inform the board of any limitation on the prescriptive authority of the physician assistant in addition to the limitations set out in 327.1(1)"s"(2).

(4)A physician assistant shall not prescribe substances that the supervising physician does not have the authority to prescribe except as allowed in 327.1(1)"n."

(5)The physician assistant may prescribe, supply and administer drugs and medical devices in all settings including, but not limited to, hospitals, health care facilities, health care institutions, clinics, offices, health maintenance organizations, and outpatient and emergency care settings except as limited by 327.1(1)"s"(2).

(6)A physician assistant who is an authorized prescriber may request, receive, and supply sample drugs and medical devices except as limited by 327.1(1)"s"(2).

(7)The board of physician assistants shall be the only board to regulate the practice of physician assistants relating to prescribing and supplying prescription drugs, controlled substances and medical devices.

t. Supply properly packaged and labeled prescription drugs, controlled substances or medical devices when pharmacist services are not reasonably available or when it is in the best interests of the patient as delegated by a supervising physician.

(1)When the physician assistant is the prescriber of the medications under 327.1(1)"s," these medications shall be supplied for the purpose of accommodating the patient and shall not be sold for more than the cost of the drug and reasonable overhead costs as they relate to supplying prescription drugs to the patient and not at a profit to the physician or physician assistant.

(2)When a physician assistant supplies medication on the direct order of a physician, subparagraph (1) does not apply.

(3)A nurse or staff assistant may assist the physician assistant in supplying medications when prescriptive drug supplying authority is delegated by a supervising physician to the physician assistant under 327.1(1)"s."

u. When a physician assistant supplies medications as delegated by a supervising physician in a remote site, the physician assistant shall secure the regular advice and consultation of a pharmacist regarding the distribution, storage and appropriate use of presciption drugs, controlled substances, and medical devices.

v. r.May, at At the request of the peace officer, withdraw a specimen of blood from a patient for the purpose of determining the alcohol concentration or the presence of drugs.

w. s.Direct medical personnel, health professionals , and others involved in caring for patients in and the execution of patient care.

x. t.May authenticate Authenticate medical forms by signing the form and including a supervising physician's name.

y. u.Perform other duties appropriate to a physician's physician assistant's practice.

z. v.Health care providers shall consider the instructions of the a physician assistant to be instructions of a supervising physician if the instructions concern duties delegated to the physician assistant by the supervising physician authoritative.

327.1(2) 327.1(3) Emergency medicine duties.

a. to d. No change.

Item 8. Amend rule 645—327.4(148C) as follows:

645—327.4(148C,88GA,ch1020) Remote medical site.

327.4(1) A physician assistant may provide medical services in a remote medical site if one any of the following three conditions is met:

a. The physician assistant has a permanent license and at least one year of practice as a physician assistant; or

b. The physician assistant with less than one year of practice has a permanent license and meets all of the following criteria:

(1)The physician assistant has practiced as a physician assistant for at least six months; and

(2)The physician assistant and supervising physician have worked together at the same location for a period of at least three months; and

(3)The supervising physician reviews patient care provided by the physician assistant at least weekly as determined to be appropriate by the supervising physician; and

(4)The supervising physician signs all reviews a representative sample of patient charts unless the medical record documents that direct consultation with the supervising physician occurred for a period the supervising physician determines is appropriate; or

c. The physician assistant and supervising physician provide a written statement sent directly to the board that the physician assistant is qualified to provide the needed medical services and that the medical care will be unavailable at the remote site unless the physician assistant is allowed to practice there. In addition, for three months , the supervising physician must review patient care provided by the physician assistant at least weekly and must sign all a representative sample of patient charts unless the medical record documents that direct consultation with the supervising physician occurred for patient care provided by the physician assistant at least weekly.

327.4(2) The supervising physician must visit a remote site or communicate with the physician assistant at the remote site via electronic communications to provide additional medical direction, medical services , and consultation at least every two weeks. For the purposes of this rule, communication may consist of, but shall not be limited to, in-person meetings, two-way interactive communication directly between the supervising physician and the physician assistant via the telephone, secure messaging, electronic mail, or chart review. At least one supervising physician must meet in person with the physician assistant at the remote medical site at least once every six months to evaluate and discuss the medical facilities, resources, and medical services provided at the remote medical site.

Item 9. Amend rule 645—327.5(147) as follows:

645—327.5(147,88GA,ch1020) Identification as a physician assistant. The physician assistant shall be identified as a physician assistant to patients and to the public, regardless of the physician assistant's educational degree.

Item 10. Amend subrule 327.6(1) as follows:

327.6(1) Each written outpatient prescription drug order issued by a physician assistant shall contain the following:

a. to c. No change.

d. When delegated prescribing occurs, the supervising physician's name shall be used, recorded, or otherwise indicated in connection with each individual prescription so that the individual who dispenses or administers the prescription knows under whose delegated authority the physician assistant is prescribing. Notification may include, but is not limited to, including the physician's name on the prescription, including the physician's name in the memo section of an electronic prescription, or providing the physician's name by telephone or other electronic means. If, in an electronic prescription record, the record does not include a dedicated field for the name of the supervising physician, a memo or comment field may be used to record the supervising physician's name by entering the code "SP01" and then the supervising physician's name prior to any other comment in the memo or comment field.

e. d.The physician assistant's name and the practice address.

f. e.The signature of the physician assistant followed by the initials "PA."

g. f.The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) number of the physician assistant if the prescription is for a controlled substance.

All other prescriptions shall comply with paragraph "d."

Item 11. Amend subrule 327.6(2) as follows:

327.6(2) Each oral prescription drug order issued by a physician assistant shall include the same information required for a written prescription, except for the written signature of the physician assistant and the physician assistant's practice address of the practitioners.

Item 12. Amend subrule 329.2(25) as follows:

329.2(25) Representing oneself as a physician assistant when one's license has been suspended or revoked, or when one's license is on inactive status, except as provided by rule 645—326.15(148C,88GA,ch1020).

[Filed 8/10/20, effective 10/14/20]

[Published 9/9/20]

Editor's Note: For replacement pages for IAC, see IAC Supplement 9/9/20.

Professional Licensure Division


This Organization is a part of the Public Health Department

Official Document

  • Physician assistants—licensure, practice, discipline, 326.1, 326.6, 326.15, 326.18, 326.19(3)“b,” 327.1, 327.4, 327.5, 327.6, 329.2(25)
  • Published on 9/9/2020
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  • Adopted and Filed

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Iowa Code 124 Iowa Code 147A Iowa Code 148C Iowa Code 148C.2

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