Billing of physician assistant services, 77.49, 78.1
HUMAN SERVICES DEPARTMENT
Adopted and Filed
Rule making related to billing of physician assistant services
The Human Services Department hereby amends Chapter 77, "Conditions of Participation for Providers of Medical and Remedial Care," and Chapter 78, "Amount, Duration and Scope of Medical and Remedial Services," Iowa Administrative Code.
Legal Authority for Rule Making
This rule making is adopted under the authority provided in Iowa Code section 249A.4.
State or Federal Law Implemented
This rule making implements, in whole or in part, Iowa Code section 249A.4.
Purpose and Summary
This rule making implements 2020 Iowa Acts, Senate File 2357, which allows physician assistants to bill independently for services provided. Under the current rules, a physician assistant bills for services provided through a supervising physician.
Public Comment and Changes to Rule Making
Notice of Intended Action for this rule making was published in the Iowa Administrative Bulletin on November 18, 2020, as ARC 5276C. No public comments were received. No changes from the Notice have been made.
Adoption of Rule Making
This rule making was adopted by the Council on Human Services on January 14, 2021.
This rule making has no fiscal impact to the State of Iowa.
After analysis and review of this rule making, no impact on jobs has been found.
Any person who believes that the application of the discretionary provisions of this rule making would result in hardship or injustice to that person may petition the Department for a waiver of the discretionary provisions, if any, pursuant to rule 441—1.8(17A,217).
Review by Administrative Rules Review Committee
The Administrative Rules Review Committee, a bipartisan legislative committee which oversees rule making by executive branch agencies, may, on its own motion or on written request by any individual or group, review this rule making at its regular monthly meeting or at a special meeting. The Committee's meetings are open to the public, and interested persons may be heard as provided in Iowa Code section 17A.8(6).
This rule making will become effective on April 1, 2021.
The following rule-making actions are adopted:
Item 1. Amend rule 441—77.49(249A) as follows:
441—77.49(249A) Physician assistants. All physician assistants licensed to practice in the state of Iowa are eligible for participation in the program. Physician assistants duly licensed to practice in other states are also eligible for participation. Enrollment is for the purpose of providing professional services for Medicaid members including orders and referrals, as required under Public Law 111-148, Section 6401, otherwise known as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). Enrollment will not affect the provider's payment arrangements with facilities or supervising providers.
This rule is intended to implement Iowa Code section 249A.4.
Item 2. Amend paragraph 78.1(9)"d" as follows:
d. Payment will be approved for tasks related to a resident receiving nursing facility care which are performed by a physician's employee who is a nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, or physician assistant as specified in 441—paragraph 81.13(13)"e." On-site supervision of the physician is not required for these services.
Item 3. Amend paragraph 78.1(13)"a" as follows:
a. Auxiliary personnel are nurses, physician's assistants, psychologists, social workers, audiologists, occupational therapists and physical therapists.
Item 4. Amend paragraph 78.1(13)"c" as follows:
c. Direct personal supervision in the office setting means the physician must be present in the same office suite, not necessarily the same room, and be available to provide immediate assistance and direction.
Direct personal supervision outside the office setting, such as the member's home, hospital, emergency room, or nursing facility, means the physician must be present in the same room as the auxiliary person.
Advanced registered nurse practitioners certified under board of nursing rules in 655—Chapter 7 performing services within their scope of practice are exempt from the direct personal supervision requirement for the purpose of reimbursement to the employing physicians. In these exempted circumstances, the employing physicians must still provide general supervision and be available to provide immediate needed assistance by telephone. Advanced registered nurse practitioners who prescribe drugs and medical devices are subject to the guidelines in effect for physicians as specified in rule 441—78.1(249A).
A physician assistant licensed under board of physician assistants' professional licensure rules in 645— Chapter 325 Chapters 326 to 329 is exempt from the direct personal supervision requirement but the physician must still provide general supervision and be available to provide immediate needed assistance by telephone except as expressly required by Iowa Code chapter 148C or required by rules in 645—Chapters 326 to 329. A physician shall be accessible at all times for consultation with a physician assistant unless the physician assistant is providing emergency medical services pursuant to 645—paragraph 327.1(2)"n." Physician assistants who prescribe drugs and medical devices are subject to the guidelines in effect for physicians as specified in rule 441—78.1(249A).
[Filed 1/15/21, effective 4/1/21]
Editor's Note: For replacement pages for IAC, see IAC Supplement 2/10/21.