Adopted and Filed

Practice privilege for out-of-state certified public accountants, ch 20

Untitled document

ARC 7695C

ACCOUNTANCY EXAMINING BOARD[193A]

Adopted and Filed

Rulemaking related to practice privilege for out-of-state certified public accountants

The Accountancy Examining Board hereby rescinds Chapter 20, "Practice Privilege for Out-of-State Certified Public Accountants," Iowa Administrative Code, and adopts a new chapter with the same title.

Legal Authority for Rulemaking

This rulemaking is adopted under the authority provided in Iowa Code section 542.4.

State or Federal Law Implemented

This rulemaking implements, in whole or in part, Iowa Code chapter 542 and Executive Order 10 (January 10, 2023).

Purpose and Summary

These amendments implement changes recommended by Executive Order 10. Iowa licensees and licensees from other jurisdictions enjoy a practice privilege outlined in Chapter 20, allowing licensees to practice in multiple states on one license.

Public Comment and Changes to Rulemaking

Notice of Intended Action for this rulemaking was published in the Iowa Administrative Bulletin on January 10, 2024, as ARC 7402C. Public hearings were held on January 30, 2024, and January 31, 2024, at 12:30 p.m.at 6200 Park Avenue, Des Moines, Iowa. No one attended the public hearings. No public comments were received. No changes from the Notice have been made.

Adoption of Rulemaking

This rulemaking was adopted by the Board on February 15, 2024.

Fiscal Impact

This rulemaking has no fiscal impact to the State of Iowa. No current fees are being changed, and no new fees are being imposed.

Jobs Impact

After analysis and review of this rulemaking, no impact on jobs has been found.

Waivers

Any person who believes that the application of the discretionary provisions of this rulemaking would result in hardship or injustice to that person may petition the Department of Inspections, Appeals, and Licensing for a waiver of the discretionary provisions, if any, pursuant to 481—Chapter 6.

Review by Administrative Rules Review Committee

The Administrative Rules Review Committee, a bipartisan legislative committee which oversees rulemaking by executive branch agencies, may, on its own motion or on written request by any individual or group, review this rulemaking at its regular monthly meeting or at a special meeting. The Committee's meetings are open to the public, and interested persons may be heard as provided in Iowa Code section 17A.8(6).

Effective Date

This rulemaking will become effective on April 10, 2024.

The following rulemaking action is adopted:

Item 1. Rescind 193A—Chapter 20 and adopt the following new chapter in lieu thereof:

CHAPTER 20

PRACTICE PRIVILEGE FOR OUT-OF-STATE CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS

193A—20.1(542) Overview and timing. Out-of-state certified public accountants who maintain their principal place of business in a jurisdiction other than Iowa may practice public accounting in Iowa or for clients with a home office in Iowa without Iowa licensure if all of the conditions of Iowa Code section 542.20 and this chapter are satisfied.

193A—20.2(542) Out-of-state licensure status. The practice privilege described in Iowa Code section 542.20 applies to individuals who are licensed to practice as certified public accountants in the jurisdiction in which their principal place of business is located for those periods of time in which all of the following conditions are satisfied:

20.2(1) The out-of-state license is valid, in good standing, and active. The practice privilege ceases if the out-of-state license expires in the jurisdiction of the individual's principal place of business.

20.2(2) The individual meets the criteria for substantial equivalency reciprocity, as provided in Iowa Code section 542.19(1)"a,""b," or "c" and rule 193A—9.5(542).

20.2(3) The license authorizes in the individual's principal place of business all of the public accounting services the individual performs or offers to perform in Iowa or for clients with a home office in Iowa.

193A—20.3(542) When Iowa licensure may be necessary.

20.3(1) The auditor of state, the department of agriculture and land stewardship, another governmental official or body, or a client may mandate that an individual be licensed in Iowa as a condition of performing public accounting services in Iowa or for a client with a home office in Iowa, whether or not the individual may otherwise satisfy the conditions for a practice privilege. Iowa licensure as a certified public accountant is necessary, for example, to perform certain audit services described in Iowa Code chapter 11.

20.3(2) Iowa licensure is necessary if an individual has an office in Iowa at which the individual uses the title "CPA," unless the individual satisfies the conditions for a practice privilege and one of the following is true:

a. The Iowa office is the office of an Iowa CPA or LPA firm that holds a permit to practice under Iowa Code section 542.7 or 542.8, and the individual provides public accounting services through that firm.

b. The Iowa office is the office of a business entity that is not obligated to hold a firm permit to practice under Iowa Code section 542.7 or 542.8, and the individual provides public accounting services through that business entity.

20.3(3) Iowa licensure is necessary if an individual moves the individual's principal place of business to Iowa and is otherwise obligated to be licensed under Iowa Code chapter 542. The board's streamlined application process for reciprocal licensure is described in Iowa Code section 542.19 and 193A—Chapter 9.

193A—20.4(542) Individuals ineligible for a practice privilege.

20.4(1) The practice privilege described in Iowa Code section 542.20 is not applicable if:

a. The individual has been convicted of a felony under the laws of any jurisdiction.

b. The individual has been convicted of any crime under the laws of any jurisdiction if an element of the crime involves dishonesty or fraud, such as forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, theft, extortion, conspiracy to defraud, or similar offense, as more fully described in Iowa Code section 542.5(2).

c. The individual's license to practice public accounting has been suspended, revoked, or otherwise disciplined by a licensing authority in this or another state, territory, or country, for any cause other than failure to pay appropriate fees. "Disciplined" includes the voluntary surrender of a license to resolve a pending disciplinary investigation or proceeding in Iowa or another jurisdiction.

d. The individual's right to practice public accounting before any state or federal agency, or the PCAOB, has been suspended or revoked.

e. The individual has applied for licensure as a certified public accountant in Iowa or another jurisdiction and the application has been denied.

f. Civil penalties have been imposed against the individual pursuant to Iowa Code section 542.14.

g. The individual's authority to exercise a practice privilege has been revoked in Iowa or another jurisdiction.

20.4(2) Individuals precluded from exercising a practice privilege under this rule may apply for licensure in Iowa if otherwise qualified. The board will determine when an application is submitted whether the criminal or disciplinary history or other regulatory action provides a ground to deny licensure.

193A—20.5(542) Attest and compilation services. Individuals providing compilation services in Iowa or for a client with a home office in Iowa need to comply with the peer review provisions of Iowa Code section 542.6(6) or provide such services through a CPA or LPA firm, or a substantially equivalent firm that holds a valid license in the firm's principal place of business and that complies with the peer review and ownership provisions of Iowa Code section 542.7 or 542.8.

193A—20.6(542) Rights and duties.

20.6(1) Individuals who satisfy the conditions for a practice privilege may practice public accounting in Iowa or for a client with a home office in Iowa in person or by telephone, mail, or electronic means without licensure under Iowa Code chapter 542 or notice to the board.

20.6(2) Individuals lawfully practicing public accounting under a practice privilege may use the title "CPA" as long as they do not have an office in Iowa, except as provided in subrule 20.3(2).

20.6(3) Individuals practicing public accounting in Iowa or for a client with a home office in Iowa while exercising a practice privilege are subject to all of the following provisions:

a. Practice privilege practitioners are not allowed to make any representation tending to falsely indicate that the individuals are licensed under Iowa Code chapter 542. Such individuals may truthfully identify themselves as licensed in any jurisdiction in which they hold a valid, active, unexpired license to practice as a certified public accountant. For example, a practice privilege practitioner could not use the title "Iowa CPA" or otherwise state or imply licensure in Iowa, but, if true, the individual could use a title such as "CPA, licensed in Texas" or "Florida CPA." Such individuals could also truthfully state that they are CPAs practicing under a practice privilege.

b. Practice privilege practitioners will provide, upon a client's or prospective client's request, accurate information on the state or states of licensure, principal place of business, contact information, and manner in which licensure status can be verified.

c. Practice privilege practitioners will comply with all professional standards, laws, and rules that apply to licensees performing the same professional services.

20.6(4) As a condition of exercising the practice privilege provided in Iowa Code section 542.20, the individual:

a. Consents to the personal and subject matter jurisdiction and regulatory authority of the board including, but not limited to, the board's jurisdiction to revoke the practice privilege or otherwise take action under Iowa Code section 542.14 for any violation of Iowa Code chapter 542 or board rules;

b. Appoints the regulatory body of the state that issued the license in the individual's principal place of business as the agent upon whom process may be served in any action or proceeding by the board against the individual;

c. Agrees to supply the board, upon the board's request and without subpoena, such information or records licensees are similarly obligated to provide the board under Iowa Code chapter 542, including but not limited to the information described in Iowa Code section 542.20(7)"c"; and

d. Agrees to promptly cease offering or providing public accounting services in Iowa or for a client with a home office in Iowa if the license in the individual's principal place of business expires or is otherwise no longer in good standing, or if any of the conditions for exercising the practice privilege are no longer satisfied, or if the board revokes the practice privilege.

193A—20.7(542) Penalties.

20.7(1) Individuals purporting to practice public accounting under a practice privilege who are ineligible to exercise a practice privilege or who fail to satisfy the conditions for exercising a practice privilege are subject to all of the penalties that apply to unlicensed persons, including the criminal, administrative, and civil penalties described in Iowa Code sections 542.14 and 542.15.

20.7(2) If an individual acting or purporting to act under a practice privilege engages in any act or practice that does or may in the future violate Iowa Code chapter 542 or board rules, the board may take any or all of the following actions, as applicable:

a. Apply to the district court for an injunction, restraining order, or other order, pursuant to Iowa Code section 542.14(1);

b. Issue an order to require compliance with Iowa Code chapter 542 or board rules and impose a civil penalty pursuant to Iowa Code section 542.14;

c. Deny the subsequent license application of the violator or the violator's firm, pursuant to Iowa Code section 542.20(4)"a" and "b";

d. Refer the complaint or other relevant information to the jurisdiction that issued a license to the alleged violator; and

e. Take disciplinary action against the individual pursuant to Iowa Code section 542.10 if the individual holds an inactive or lapsed Iowa license.

20.7(3) Complaints filed with the board alleging violations by individuals who are not licensed by the board, including those acting or purporting to act under a practice privilege, are not confidential under Iowa Code section 272C.6(4) and will not be treated as confidential unless otherwise provided in Iowa Code chapter 22 or other applicable law.

20.7(4) Persons filing complaints with the board against individuals acting or purporting to act under a practice privilege should provide as much information as possible to assist the board in locating the individual and in determining whether the individual is licensed in any jurisdiction.

193A—20.8(542) Relationship between Iowa licensure and the exercise of a practice privilege.

20.8(1) Active Iowa licensees. An Iowa licensee holding an active CPA certificate is treated for all purposes as an Iowa licensee and is not subject to the provisions of Iowa Code section 542.20.

20.8(2) Inactive Iowa licensees. An Iowa licensee holding an inactive CPA certificate is precluded by Iowa Code section 542.6(3) and rule 193A—5.9(272C,542) from performing attest or compilation services or using the title "CPA" while performing public accounting services in Iowa or for a client with a home office in Iowa. The practice of an inactive CPA is restricted because the continuing education necessary to renew in active status does not apply to those renewing in inactive status. Some individuals holding an inactive Iowa CPA certificate may, however, hold an active CPA certificate in another jurisdiction in which they maintain their principal place of business and satisfy continuing education obligations. Such individuals may have maintained an inactive Iowa CPA certificate solely to facilitate reinstatement to active status when active Iowa licensure is necessary in their practice. The following provisions apply to inactive Iowa licensees who may wish to exercise a practice privilege:

a. In a disciplinary investigation or proceeding in which an inactive Iowa licensee is alleged to have improperly used the title "CPA" or otherwise practiced public accounting on an inactive license, the board will consider whether the inactive licensee, at the time of the events at issue, satisfied the conditions for a practice privilege under Iowa Code section 542.20 and complied with all rules applicable to the exercise of a practice privilege.

b. The individual will take care to avoid public confusion about licensure status as provided in 193A—subrule 5.1(6).

c. Violations of Iowa laws or rules by an individual holding an inactive Iowa CPA certificate will be prosecuted as disciplinary proceedings against a licensee under Iowa Code section 542.10 and, when appropriate under the factual circumstances, may also or alternatively be enforced under the provisions of Iowa Code sections 542.14 and 542.15.

20.8(3) Lapsed Iowa licensees. An Iowa licensee holding a lapsed Iowa CPA certificate is not authorized to perform attest or compilation services or to otherwise practice public accounting using the title "CPA" in Iowa or for a client with a home office in Iowa. A lapsed licensee is subject to discipline for practicing on a lapsed license or representing oneself as a "CPA" in any context unless the licensee truthfully discloses that the certificate has lapsed. Some individuals holding lapsed Iowa CPA certificates may, however, hold active CPA certificates in another jurisdiction in which the individuals maintain their principal place of business. Such individuals may have intentionally allowed their Iowa CPA certificates to lapse because the individuals no longer need an active Iowa license in their practice. The following provisions apply to lapsed Iowa licensees who may wish to exercise a practice privilege:

a. In a disciplinary investigation or proceeding in which a lapsed Iowa licensee is alleged to have improperly used the title "CPA" or otherwise practiced public accounting on a lapsed license, the board will consider whether the lapsed licensee, at the time of the events at issue, satisfied the conditions for a practice privilege under Iowa Code section 542.20 and complied with all rules applicable to the exercise of a practice privilege.

b. The individual will take care to avoid public confusion about licensure status as provided in 193A—subrule 5.1(6).

c. Violations of Iowa laws or rules by an individual holding a lapsed Iowa CPA certificate will be prosecuted as disciplinary proceedings against a licensee under Iowa Code section 542.10 and, when appropriate under the factual circumstances, may also or alternatively be prosecuted under the provisions of Iowa Code sections 542.14 and 542.15.

20.8(4) Former Iowa licensees. An individual who held an Iowa CPA certificate at one time whose Iowa CPA certificate has been revoked or surrendered in connection with a disciplinary investigation or proceeding is barred from performing attest or compilation services or using the title "CPA" whether or not such individual may otherwise qualify for a practice privilege.

a. The former Iowa licensees described in this subrule are ineligible to exercise the practice privilege described in Iowa Code section 542.20.

b. Violations of Iowa Code chapter 542 or board rules by former Iowa licensees are subject to the criminal, civil and administrative remedies described in Iowa Code sections 542.14 and 542.15, and may also be prosecuted as disciplinary proceedings under Iowa Code section 542.10 if the license remains subject to reinstatement under Iowa Code section 542.12.

These rules are intended to implement Iowa Code section 542.20.

[Filed 2/15/24, effective 4/10/24]

[Published 3/6/24]

Editor's Note: For replacement pages for IAC, see IAC Supplement 3/6/24.

Accountancy Examining Board


This Organization is a part of the Professional Licensing and Regulation Bureau

Official Document

  • Practice privilege for out-of-state certified public accountants, ch 20
  • Published on 3/6/2024
  • 21 Views
  • Adopted and Filed

The official published PDF of this document is available from the Iowa General Assembly’s Administrative Rules page.

View Official PDF

View the Iowa Administrative Bulletin for 3/6/2024.

View Bulletin

Related Notices

Administrative Rule References

The following administrative rule references were added to this document. You may click a reference to view related notices.

Rule 193A-20.1 Rule 193A-20.2 Rule 193A-20.3 Rule 193A-20.3(2) Rule 193A-20.4 Rule 193A-20.5 Rule 193A-20.6 Rule 193A-20.7 Rule 193A-20.8 Rule 193A-5.1(6) Rule 193A-5.9 Rule 193A-9.5
Click To Comment