Educating homeless children and youth, amendments to ch 33
Notice of Intended Action
Twenty-five interested persons, a governmental subdivision, an agency or association of 25 or more persons may demand an oral presentation hereon as provided in Iowa Code section 17A.4(1)"b."
Notice is also given to the public that the Administrative Rules Review Committee may, on its own motion or on written request by any individual or group, review this proposed action under section 17A.8(6) at a regular or special meeting where the public or interested persons may be heard.
Pursuant to the authority of Iowa Code section 256.7(5), the State Board of Education hereby proposes to amend Chapter 33, "Educating the Homeless," Iowa Administrative Code.
The revised Chapter 33 incorporates changes to the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. § 11431, et seq.), as reauthorized in December 2015 by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The proposed amendments as a result of ESSA include modifying the requirements of the State Plan to include procedures that ensure that homeless students have equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, as provided to other students. This equal access includes removing barriers that prevent students from accessing academic or extracurricular activities because of their homelessness. Other amendments include removal of "awaiting foster care placement" from the definition of "homeless child or youth," revisions to the definition of "school of origin," and clarifications regarding required transportation for the school of origin.
An agencywide waiver provision is provided in 281—Chapter 4.
Interested individuals may make written comments on the proposed amendments on or before June 27, 2017, at 4:30 p.m.Comments on the proposed amendments should be directed to Nicole Proesch, Iowa Department of Education, Second Floor, Grimes State Office Building, Des Moines, Iowa 50319-0146; telephone (515)281-8661; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org; or fax (515)242-5988.
A public hearing will be held on June 27, 2017, from 9 to 10 a.m.in the State Board Room, Second Floor, Grimes State Office Building, East 14th Street and Grand Avenue, Des Moines, Iowa, at which time persons may present their views either orally or in writing. Any persons who intend to attend the public hearing and have special requirements, such as those related to hearing or mobility impairments, should contact the Department of Education and advise of specific needs by calling (515)281-5295.
After analysis and review of this rule making, no impact on jobs has been found.
These amendments are intended to implement the provisions of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. § 11431, et seq.), as reauthorized in December 2015 by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).
The following amendments are proposed.
Item 1. Amend 281—Chapter 33, title, as follows:
EDUCATING THE HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTH
Item 2. Amend rule 281—33.2(256) as follows:
"District of origin" is defined as the public school district in Iowa in which the child was last enrolled or which the child last attended when permanently housed.
"Guardian" is defined as a person of majority age with whom a homeless child or youth of school age is living or a person of majority age who has accepted responsibility for the homeless child or youth, whether or not the person has legal guardianship over the child or youth.
"Homeless child or youth" is defined as a child or youth from the age of 3 years through 21 years who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes the following:
1.A child or youth who is sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; is living in a motel, hotel, trailer park, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; is living in an emergency or transitional shelter; or is abandoned in a hospital; or is awaiting foster care placement;
2.A child or youth who has a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
3.A child or youth who is living in a car, park, public space, abandoned building, substandard housing, bus or train station, or similar setting; or
4.A migratory child or youth who qualifies as homeless because the child or youth is living in circumstances described in paragraphs "1" through "3" above.
"Preschool child" is defined as a child who is three, four, or five years of age before September 15.
"School of origin" is defined as the school that a child or youth attended when permanently housed or the school in which the child or youth was last enrolled, including a preschool. When the child or youth completes the final grade level served by the school of origin, the term "school of origin" shall include the designated receiving school at the next grade level for all feeder schools.
"Unaccompanied youth" is defined as a youth not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian.
Item 3. Amend subrule 33.3(3) as follows:
33.3(3) The board shall examine and revise, if necessary, existing school policies or rules that create barriers to the enrollment of homeless children or youth, consistent with these rules. Examination and revision include identifying and removing barriers that prevent such children and youth from receiving appropriate credit for full or partial coursework satisfactorily completed while attending a prior school, in accordance with state, local, and school policies. Examination and revision also include ensuring that homeless children and youth who meet the relevant eligibility criteria do not face barriers to accessing academic and extracurricular activities, including magnet school, summer school, career and technical education, advanced placement, online learning, and charter school programs, if such programs are available at the state and local levels. School districts are encouraged to cooperate with agencies and organizations for the homeless to explore comprehensive, equivalent alternative educational programs and support services for homeless children and youth when necessary to implement the intent of these rules.
Item 4. Amend subrule 33.3(7) as follows:
33.3(7) The board shall designate an appropriate staff person as the district's local educational agency liaison for homeless children and youth an appropriate staff person who is able to and has been trained to carry out the following duties:
a. Ensure that a homeless child or youth is identified by school personnel and through outreach and coordination activities with other entities and agencies;
b. Ensure that a homeless child or children and youth is are enrolled in, and has have a full and equal opportunity to succeed in, schools of the district;
c. Ensure that homeless families , and homeless children , and youth receive educational services for which such families, children, and youth are eligible, including services through Head Start and Even Start programs (including Early Head Start programs) under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. Section 9831, et seq.), early intervention services under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. Section 1431, et seq.), tuition-free and other preschool programs administered by the district, and referrals to health care services, dental services, mental health services, and other appropriate services;
d. Ensure that homeless families and homeless children and youth receive referrals to health care services, dental services, mental health and substance abuse services, housing services, and other appropriate services;
d. e.Ensure that the parents or guardians of homeless children and youth are informed of the educational and related opportunities available to their children and are provided with meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of their children;
e. f.Ensure that public notice of the educational rights of homeless children and youth is disseminated where such children and youth receive services under the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, such as in locations frequented by parents or guardians of such children and youth, and unaccompanied youth, including schools, family shelters, public libraries, and soup kitchens, in a manner and form understandable to the parents and guardians of homeless children and youth, and unaccompanied youth;
f. g.Ensure that enrollment disputes are mediated in accordance with 42 U.S.C. Section 11432(g)(3)(E), which requires the following:
(1)The child or youth shall be immediately enrolled in the school in which enrollment is sought, pending resolution of the dispute (which must be either the local attendance center or the school of origin);
(2)The parent or guardian of the child or youth shall be provided with a written explanation of the school's decision regarding school selection or enrollment, including the rights of the parent, guardian, or youth to appeal the decision;
(3)The child, youth, parent, or guardian shall be referred to the local educational agency liaison designated under this subrule, who shall carry out the dispute resolution process set forth in rule 281—33.9(256);
(4)In the case of an unaccompanied youth, the local educational agency liaison shall ensure that the youth is immediately enrolled in the school in which enrollment is sought pending resolution of the dispute;
g. h.Ensure that the parent or guardian of a homeless child or youth, or the unaccompanied youth, is fully informed of all transportation services and is assisted in accessing transportation to the school of enrollment;
i. Ensure that school personnel providing services under this chapter receive professional development and other support;
j. Ensure that unaccompanied homeless youth:
1.Are enrolled in school;
2.Have opportunities to meet the same challenging academic standards as are established for other children and youth, including through implementation of the procedures under the Every Student Succeeds Act; and
3.Are informed of their status as independent students under Section 480 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087vv) and that the youth may obtain assistance from the local educational agency liaison to receive verification of such status for the purposes of the Free Application for Federal Student Aid described in Section 483 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1090); and
h. k.Coordinate and collaborate with state coordinators and community and school personnel responsible for the provision of education and related services to homeless children and youth.
Item 5. Amend subrule 33.9(1) as follows:
33.9(1) If the child is identified as a special education student under Iowa Code chapter 256B, the manner of appeal shall be by letter from the homeless child or youth, or the homeless child child's or youth's parent or guardian, to the department of education as established in Iowa Code section 256B.6 and Iowa Administrative Code 281—41.32(17A,256B,290) rule 281—41.508(256B,34CFR300). The letter shall not be rejected for lack of notarization, however. Representatives of the public school district where the child or youth desires to attend and of the corresponding area education agency, as well as the child, youth, or parent or guardian of the child or youth, shall present themselves at the time and place designated by the department of education for hearing on the issue. The hearing shall be held in accordance with the rules established in 281—41.32(17A,256B,290) rule 281—41.508(256B,34CFR300).
Item 6. Amend rule 281—33.11(256) as follows:
281—33.11(256) School services.
33.11(1) The school district designated for the homeless child's or youth's enrollment shall make available to the child or youth all services and assistance, including but not limited to the following services, on the same basis as those services and assistance are provided to resident pupils:
a. Compensatory education;
b. Special education;
c. English as a Second Language;
d. Vocational Career and technical education courses or programs;
e. Programs for gifted and talented pupils;
f. Health services;
g. Preschool (including Head Start and Even Start);
h. Before Before- and after school after-school child care;
i. Food and nutrition programs.;
j. School counseling services to advise homeless students and prepare and improve the readiness of such students for college.
33.11(2) A district must include homeless students in its academic assessment and accountability system under the federal No Child Left Behind Act, P.L. 107-110 Every Student Succeeds Act, P.L. 114-95. Assessments should be included in the economically disadvantaged category for reporting purposes. Schools are not required to disaggregate information regarding homeless students as a separate category, but may be asked to do so in accordance with the duties of the United States Secretary of Education and the Office of the State Coordinator. A district must report disaggregated data regarding the academic achievement and graduation rates for homeless children, as required by Section 1111 of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
Item 7. Amend 281—Chapter 33, implementation sentence, as follows:
These rules are intended to implement the provisions of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, as reauthorized in January 2002 as the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. § 11431, et seq.), as reauthorized December 10, 2015, by Title IX, Part A, of the Every Student Succeeds Act.